Automobile Batteries Which Makes Automobile Run

The heart being an indispensable part of the human body, in case of automobiles it is the battery, which makes it run. Although there are other parts, also without which both the bodies cannot work but the heart and battery are the essentials. A small problem can become a very big problem in just no time putting you at risk, in both the cases whether it’s a car or a human being.
Coming to its literal meaning, the major function of an Automobile Battery is of supplying electrical energy to the electric motor and controlling the ignition system of an automobile. Usually it is referred to as SLI battery (starting, lightning, and ignition), it powers the motor, lights the head and tail lamps and ignites the engine.
How it works? Automotive starter batteries are generally of lead-acid type provide a minimum of 12-volts. It works by connecting six galvanic cells, which are in series. Each cell approximately provides 2.1 volts on a total of 12.6 volts. Lead-acid batteries are made up of lead plates and separate plates of lead oxide. These lead plates are submerged into an electrolyte solution of about 35% sulfuric acid and 65% water causing a chemical reaction that as a result releases electrons, allowing them to flow through conductors to produce electricity. When the battery starts discharging , the acid of the electrolyte reacts with the materials of the plates, changing their surface to lead sulfate. And it goes further.
Its different types Lead acid batteries, the different construction technique depends upon the application of the battery. The Flood cell batteries, which indicate liquid electrolyte are more commonly used in today’s time. AGM or Absorbed glass mat battery is without liquid electrolytes and is gradually gaining acceptance by the SLI users. Batteries specified with SLI systems deliver a heavy current and has a low degree of discharge on each use. They constitute of many thin plates, which are separated by thin separators and have a higher specific gravity electrolyte, which reduces internal resistance. Deep-cycle batteries have fewer, thicker plates and have a greater depth of discharge on each cycle, but do not provide high current on heavy loads.
Use and Maintenance Fluid Level- Car Battery having lead batteries require regular watering up to maintain the water amount which was lost due to electrolysis on each charging cycle. More recent designs have lower water loss unless overcharged. Modern car batteries do not need much of maintenance, and many a times do not provide caps for addition of water to the cells. These batteries have extra electrolyte above the plates, which allows loss during the battery life.
Battery Storage- Batteries should be charged timely if stored to retain their capacity. Stored batteries should be fully charged and cleaned of corrosion deposits and should be put in a dry environment for its longevity. Expensive assets like cars are not purchased on a daily basis so one should look after it. As a human being takes care of his heart and his body, not only the battery but also the car should be properly taken care of.

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